have been touched by the flames! The first book is poetry, while the second book has the six plays she is largely known for, including Dulcitius.
Please email the diagnostic information above to, PGLAF's information page about the German lawsuit, PGLAF's International Copyright Guidance for Project Gutenberg. force of arms? Translator's note -- Introduction by his eminence Cardinal Gasquet -- Critical preface by Christopher St. John -- The prefaces of Roswitha -- Gallicanus -- Dulcitius -- Callimachus -- Abraham -- Paphnutius -- Sapientia -- Note on the acting of the plays. DIOCLETIAN. Law Texts
Based on this information, Hrosvitha was born between 912 and 940, though historians generally agree that her date of birth is closer to 935. They pass the time singing hymns. Use the Maxmind GeoIP demo to verify status of your IP address. is no sign of any hurt. SOLDIERS.
What troubled me most, and made my heart ache, was that you should
Is it not madness to give up practising an ancient religion and run after
as if they were lords? I grieve to hear of the outrageous way in which the Governor Dulcitius has
to our heels! Project Gutenberg believes the Court has no jurisdiction over the matter, but until the issue is resolved, it will comply. flames.
confess, or let our purity be stained. IRENA.
ARGUMENT. We have brought the girls you asked for. He leaves covered in soot, and the soldiers think he is possessed. IRENA. Fools! IRENA. To you, and to the state you rule. Be rough with her, and drag her to the lowest brothel you can
of me and treats me as if I were some foul monster! Agape, and you, Chionia, take my advice. Paul Halsall, October 1999
These Christians have bewitched me. It is dangerous. If you do reduplicate the document, indicate the source. Their spirits have left their bodies, but there
The wage of sin is death; the wage of suffering a crown.
I have important business with the Emperor. Fordham University History Department, and the Fordham Center for Medieval Studies in
(London, Chatto & Windus, 1923), Scanned in and HTMLed by C. Liang . Permission is granted for electronic copying, distribution in print form for educational
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He insists the sisters renounce their Christian faith and worship the Roman gods. SISINNIUS. Introduction.
for ever and ever!
rebuke and save them. They are all as black as soot. Are you not
Your Emperor has ordered you to put us to death, and you must obey, as we
The fierceness of the fire will soon put an end
Referrer URL (if available): (none) DIOCLETIAN. IRENA. Irena, you are the youngest in years.
The third book contains poetry and also the text from which historians have been able to deduce her approximate year of birth. ISINNIUS. He is kissing them hard!
Come, let's take
SOLDIERS. AGAPE. But we are weary of this world, and we implore Thee to
He orders Agape and Chionia burned alive when they refuse to sacrifice to the Roman gods. SISINNIUS. The enraged emperor orders Count Sisinnius to punish the sisters. Bow your head to the gods, and set an example to your sisters. No
St. John, with an introduction by Cardinal Gasquet and a critical preface by the
Her fools are wild, her hair unbound, and all her household
delusions, but at length succeeds in getting Agape and Chionia burnt, and Irena shot to
This is because the geoIP database shows your address is in the country of Germany. SlSINNIUS. this silly new Christian superstition? Coming here in these filthy rags!
pots and pans are kept. Her intention was likely for her plays to be read aloud by the Sisters of her convent.
"The emperor Diocletian, failing to persuade the three virgins Agape, Chione, and Irena to renounce their Christian faith and sacrifice to the Roman gods, consigns them to prison. © Site Concept and Design: Paul Halsall created 26 Jan 1996: latest revision 21 January 2020, The Internet History Sourcebooks Project is located at the, created 26 Jan 1996: latest revision 21 January 2020, Internet
AGAPE. Medieval Source Book. SOLDIERS. IRENA. To me my death means joy, but to you calamity.
SISINNIUS. Remove her also from
find. Sacrifice to the gods, or by order of the Emperor
However, the soldiers are unable to remove the robes from the women's bodies. download 1 file . IRENA. shall pierce this devilish witch. AGAPE. Did I not tell you to take this rebellious girl to a brothel? SISINNIUS. SISINNIUS. I do not speak of that sacrifice.
That is prohibited on pain of the most
IRENA. of the earth. Enter. Who are these men hurrying towards us? IRENA. What's the matter?
SOLDIERS. Her approach substitutes "the laudable chastity of holy maidens" for his "unchaste actions of sensual women". They were gorgeously dressed and looked like people of rank. The prefaces of Roswitha.--Gallicanus.--Dulcitius.--Callimachus.-- Abraham.--Paphnutius.--Sapientia.--Note on the acting of the plays 26 27 Addeddate 2008-02-05 22:31:02 Call number AKM-6669 Camera ... PDF download. For more information about the legal advice Project Gutenberg has received concerning international issues, visit PGLAF's International Copyright Guidance for Project Gutenberg, Automated translation (via Google Translate): translate.google.com. This maenad: seems even more violent than the other! You have no power over us, and can never compel us to sacrifice to demons. In retaliation for his embarrassment, he commands that Agape, Chionia, and Irena be stripped in public. chains and thrown into a dungeon.
SISINNIUS. tell you what we had seen.
He looks like
935-ca. DIOCLETIAN. When you are dishonoured and forced to live among harlots, you can no longer
Seize these blasphemers and fling them alive into the
The Sourcebook is a collection of public domain and
It sounds like the clashing of pots and pans and
defiled. Blocked at germany.shtml Soldiers, do not let the absurd prophecies of this woman interfere with your
She will tell me
Why is one to be treated differently? We apologize for this inconvenience. Do not be obstinate. You will find her as rebellious and as determined to resist. death with arrows. Irena, take warning from the fate of your sisters, and tremble, for if you
During the night, he enters the kitchen… She is not to be frightened, and notbing can
SISINNIUS. If the soul does not
Let us watch the soldiers and see what they do when he
for Medieval Studies. preparations for our marriage. O fools, madmen! Your IP address has been automatically blocked from accessing the Project Gutenberg website, www.gutenberg.org.
Soldiers, produce your prisoners.
be off! But these girls shall not boast of having blasphemed our gods
SOLDIERS. an Ethiope.
him all that has passed. Hrosvitha, regarded as the first German woman poet. Come quick and peep through the crack of the door! SISINNIUS. SISINNIUS. Occasionally, the website mis-applies a block from a previous visitor. Hrotsvitha of Gandersheim wrote the first plays known to be written by a woman, and she is the first known European woman poet after Sappho.She was … shall have a taste of the outrage to which I have been subjected! their bodies like their own skin. When they refuse, the emperor orders them imprisoned and examined by Governor Dulcitius. SOLDIERS. DULCITIUS. forgot its nature and obeyed Thee. SISINNIUS. make her worship the gods. Indeed! our presence, and we will question the third. upon my steps. However, some scholars dismiss the solely Christian context of Hrosvitha's writings, instead claiming that her plays provided women with models for female integrity, thus encouraging more positive views of women. ashamed that you could not overcome the resolution of a little child without resorting to
CHIONIA. IRENA. The Governor Dulcitius seeks them out in the silence of the night with criminal intent, but hardly has he entered their dwelling than he becomes the victim of a delusion, under which he mistakes for the objects of his passion the saucepans and frying-pans in the kitchen. You wretched Sisinnius! us you had sent them to take Irena to the summit of the mountain. O wonderful, most wonderful! Why have you returned so
DULCITIUS. us. Now at last I know! Dulcitius sees how beautiful the sisters are and tells his soldiers to lock them in the kitchen so he "can visit them oftener".. DULCITIUS. DULCITIUS. The rack shall put an end to it! SOLDIERS. We will carry out
Soldiers, where are these impudent hussies who are to be put to the torture?
SOLDIERS. DULCITIUS. His face, his hands, his clothes! Trying a different Web browser might help.  The play treats the figure of Dulcitius, governor of Thessalonica, as a subject for a comedy in the style of Terence. I will tell the whole court how I have been
This text is part of the Internet
The pure and famous race to which you belong and your own rare beauty make
Governor Dulcitius sees the girls' beauty and desires them so he commands that they be locked up in the kitchen. He is going now. scorn his decree. If you persist in your refusal, I shall not grant you a swift death. The Plays of Roswitha. DULCITIUS. IRENA. This devil means us no good. blindly round this hill, and when I stumble on a path I can neither follow it nor return
According to information she provided in Carmen de Primordiis Coenobii Gandersheimensis, she was born a long time after the death of Otto the Illustrious (November 30, 912), but was older than the daughter of Henry, Duke of Bavaria, Gerberga II (born after the year 940). SISINNIUS. firstname.lastname@example.org, The Internet Medieval Sourcebook is part of the Internet History Sourcebooks Project. Your IP address: 188.8.131.52 copy-permitted texts related to medieval and Byzantine history. I do not ask you to worship slaves, but the gods of princes and the rulers
for Medieval Studies.The IHSP recognizes the contribution of Fordham University, the
What sign of madness do you see in us? DULCITIUS. AGAPE. Why are you panting for breath? I believe he thinks that he is kissing
I will go in and enjoy myself in
The Governor Dulcitius
I learn this for the first time from you. I will go to my wife. damned in Tartarus. If your IP address is shown by Maxmind to be outside of Germany and you were momentarily blocked, another issue is that some Web browsers erroneously cache the block. Since Dulcitius is sleeping, the soldiers tell Diocletian what has happened. the condition that you first promise to deny your Christ and sacrifice to the gods.
 This relationship between Terence and Hrosvitha represent a link between classical drama and the medieval morality plays. SINGLE PAGE … SOLDIERS. with impunity, or of having made a mock of those who worship them. Who is this fearsome, horrid monster? Whatever may be thought of the precise merits of these six short dramas, now translated into English for the very first time, * it will be conceded that a collection of plays bearing the date of the 10th century, authenticated as the work of a woman, and a nun, is a remarkable phenomenon, interesting to students of monasticism and of the drama alike.
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